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Microbiological Sciences and Immunology is a degree category that consists of the following common degrees:

  • Microbiology



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    Microbiology degree programs teach how diseases work (their ‘pathology’) and how they are diagnosed, treated, and cured. Students study single-celled organisms like amoebas, the colonies they form, their genetic make-up, and how they interact with other life forms.

    Specializations in the field include:

    • Bacteriology – the study of the growth and other properties of bacteria and the effects that bacteria have on plants, animals, and humans
    • Mycobacteriology – the study of fungi like yeast and mold and how they can be used to benefit society
    • Virology – the study of viruses: their structure, development, and effects on infected organisms
    • Environmental Microbiology – the study of microorganisms and how they interact with the environment and with one another
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  • Immunology



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    In the broad sense, immunology is the field of biology which studies the immune system, also known as the body’s defense system. In medical terms, immunology is the subspecialty of internal medicine which deals with both the normal and abnormal functioning of the immune system.

    Immunologists work with adult and pediatric patients suffering from common diseases such as asthma, food and drug allergies, immune deficiencies, and diseases of the lung. Their responsibilities in laboratory-based work involve conducting original medical research and experiments and developing new treatments, therapies, or vaccines to control infections and illnesses.

    Students who wish to become a clinical immunologist earn a Doctor of Medicine (MD) Degree and complete a residency in internal medicine or pediatrics as well as a fellowship in immunology. Those who wish to pursue a career in immunological research typically do not attend medical school and instead earn a Ph.D. in the field. Regardless of the educational route they take, aspiring immunologists will play key roles in the fight against diseases from the common cold to the deadliest of cancers.

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